Experimental Design-Assisted Optimization of Chromatographic Method for the Simultaneous Quantitation of Phenolic Compounds in Dried Flowers Extract

  • Mira Thorvaldsson
  • Nurul Mutmainah
  • Asadin Briliantama
  • Sitti Rahmawati
  • Ashari Priyanto
  • Pargiyanti
  • Widiastuti Setyaningsih Universitas Gadjah Mada
Keywords: Box-Behnken Design, Edible flowers, method applicability, method validation

Abstract

This research aimed to develop and validate a reversed phase-high performance liquid chromatography method to determine phenolic compounds in dried flowers extract simultaneously. The research was divided into two parts: (1) optimization of the separation condition employing a Box Behnken design, and (2) validation test including assessment for the precision, accuracy, and method applicability of a High-Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) coupled with Diode Array Detector (DAD). The studied factors for the optimization of the separation condition were flow rate (0.8−1.2 ml min-1), percentage of the mobile phase at the beginning (0−20% phase B), and end (70−100% phase B) of the gradient program. It was statistically evinced that the chromatographic resolutions (Rs>1.0) indicated acceptable separation for protocatechuic acid, p-hydroxybenzoic acid, protocatechuic aldehyde, vanillic acid, p-coumaric acid, and ferulic acid. A fast separation method (8.00 min) was achieved by applying the optimum condition of a flow rate of 1 mL min-1, mobile phase composition of 20% acidified methanol at the beginning, and 100% acidified methanol at the end of the gradient program. The validation was then performed for the developed method assuring high precision and accuracy. Additionally, the HPLC-DAD method was successfully applied to determine the phenolic compounds in three dried flower extracts revealing that the method was reliable for routine analyses.

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Published
2022-02-28
How to Cite
Thorvaldsson , M., Mutmainah , N., Briliantama , A., Rahmawati , S., Priyanto, A., Pargiyanti, & Setyaningsih, W. (2022). Experimental Design-Assisted Optimization of Chromatographic Method for the Simultaneous Quantitation of Phenolic Compounds in Dried Flowers Extract. Journal of Functional Food and Nutraceutical, 3(2), 83-91. https://doi.org/10.33555/jffn.v3i2.88
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Articles